Abstract Content Rules
  1. Abstract submitters should ensure that the version sent is the final one; changes will not be permitted once the deadline has passed.
  2. Institution information should be provided for all authors. Please include institution, city, state/province and country but exclude department, division, laboratory, etc.
  3. Abstract Guideline
  • The abstract must not exceed 350 words.
  • Text should be Times New Roman with font size 10 and single-spaced.
  • Do not include figures or graphs with the abstract. Any figures or graphs format will not be published.
  1. Abstract Structure

To have the abstract as informative as possible, please provide:

  • a brief statement of the purpose of the study
  • the method used
  • the result observed
  • the conclusions based upon the results
  • It is inadequate to state “The results will be discussed” or “The data will be presented”.

Example abstract

Background: A statement of purpose of the study (preferably one sentence).

Methods: A brief statement of the methods used. For abstracts reporting clinical research, a sentence or phrase presenting the most important selection criteria for subjects should be included.

Results: A summary of the results presented in sufficient detail with statistical analysis to support the conclusions.

Conclusions: A statement of the conclusions reached. It is not satisfactory to state, “the results will be discussed,” or “other data will be presented,” etc.

  1. Multiple submissions of abstracts describing different components of the same study is not appropriate. All findings generated from the same study should be included in a single abstract.
  2. Abstracts containing data considered to be insufficiently informative will not be accepted.
  3. Authors should use a concise title that indicates the content of the abstract. Abbreviations should be avoided in the title.
  4. For intervention studies (for example, therapeutic trials), type of design (prospective or retrospective, controlled or uncontrolled, randomized or observational, open vs. single-blind vs. double-blind), dosages, assessment methods and duration of follow-up should be specified.
  5. Abbreviations should be used sparingly. For words that are abbreviated, use the whole term the first time, followed by the standard abbreviation in parenthesis.
  6. References should be used sparingly.
  7. Submission of an abstract automatically implies acknowledgment that the work described was conducted in accordance with current ethical standards and regulations in biomedical research. Failure to adhere to these standards will result in rejection of the abstract